The Ottoman Empire dispersing in 1916 ended with the French and British dividing up the territories of the Middle East into mandates. After World War I, it was apparent that the British were the ones making things worse in the Middle East. The British promised a homeland for the Jewish people (Balfour declaration) and promised Arabs independence in the region. These contradictory promises made things worse. Large amounts of Jewish people fled to Palestine in 1918 because of Hitler's rising power and the anti-Semitic ways he was pushing. Due to their religion, the Jewish people were not kept in Palestine. Because of this, the Arab-Israeli conflict started. Unfortunately, it is still present today. Ultimately, Britain played a large role in the conflicts in the Middle East while France did not.