The Breakup of the Ottoman Empire
French and English Mandates
- Ottoman Empire: “The sick man of Europe”
- Ottoman Empire breaks up and becomes Turkey
- French and British divide up the former Ottoman territories into mandates
- Suez Canal and oil are the reasons for their interest
- Sykes-Picot agreement, 1916, gave most of the territory to Britain
- Iraq, Trans-Jordan and Palestine to Britain
- Syria and Lebanon to French
- They set up Arab governments in all mandates except Palestine
With the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, the former territories got divided into French and British mandates. The Sykes-Picot agreement in 1916 resulted in most of the territories being given over to Britain. In all mandates, Arab governments were set up; except Palestine.
Question: What if the mandates had gone to the French?