- In 1960 blacks formed outside a police station in Sharpeville to protest the pass laws:
- Pass laws controlled the movement and employment of black
- They were forced to carry “reference books” of identity papers
- They burnt their reference books
- The police opened fire on the crowd
- 67 demonstrators were killed
- The African National Congress was outlawed
- This ended the non-violence movements
- An underground organization sprung up that engaged in terrorist attacks against symbolic targets
- South African government passed a law where police could arrest without a warrant
- 1964, Nelson Mandela, leader of the ANC was arrested for life in prison
In 1960, the black people of South Africa gathered outside a police station in Sharpeville to protest the pass laws. They burned the reference books, as a result the police open fired on the crowd and killed 67 demonstrators. Ultimately, the African National Congress was outlaws and the non-violence movements came to an end. Four years later, Nelson Mandela (leader of the ANC) was arrested and placed in prison on a life sentence.
Question: Did police have the right to open fire on a crowd, killing 67 innocent and non-violent people?