The Balfour Declaration 1917
- Letter sent from Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild (leader of the Jewish people)
- Agreement by the British to set up a Jewish homeland in Palestine
- The British Mandate there remained under the British control
- The British had also promised the Arabs independence in that region
- In 1918 there were 60,000 Jews; by 1939 there were 630,000
- Beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict
- Arabs believed that they had right to that land
- Turkey defeats Greece in 1920 in a war over Anatolia and a massive citizen shift occurs (1.5 mil)
The Balfour Declaration began as a letter from Arthur James Balfour addressed to Baron Rothschild (the leader of the Jewish people). The letter then became public. The Balfour Declaration led the Jewish people of Great Britain that to believe that Britain would support a Jewish homeland created in the Middle East. However, The Arabs believed that Palestine was rightfully theirs. Ultimately, Britain obtained the land.
Question: What would have happened if Britain had handed Palestine over to the Jewish people?