Since the 1960s, numerous accounts of advancement towards rights for women and African-Americans have been made. Before the 1960s, women were thought of nothing but wives and African-Americans were thought to be a lesser race. In the movie "The Help" they didn't even let the black people use the same toilet as them! People like Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Jr., and Rosa Parks helped pave the way for African-Americans. Women were given the right to vote in 1920, but they were still not seen as equals. (Sidenote: to this day women still make 75 cents to every dollar that men make).  The invention of birth control gave women the right to choose between starting a family or getting an education and working. This was a big step because for centuries women did not attend college/university and went from high school to family. 
There were many steps that finally concluded the system of the apartheid in South Africa. In 1948 in South Africa an all white party came into power; creating apartheid. The apartheid meant that the blacks were set apart from the whites. The blacks were stripped of their basic rights; being unable to travel, marry outside their own race, or have a say in where they lived. This continued on for 30 years until Prime Minister P.W. Botha introduced kinder rules; such as black people being allowed to marry outside their own race and less segregation on some places. In 1964, Nelson Mandela  (leader of the African National Congress) was  sent to prison . He then went on to become inspire a resistance and revolution. Nelson Mandela was ultimately released from prison in 1991 and was voted into power during the 1994 all race election. Thus ending the apartheid. 
Mahatma Gandhi used several steps in order to secure independence for India from Britain. Gandhi was the leader of the Indian Congress Party.  He used a method called pacifism to get his points across. Though he wanted independence from Britain, he did not start a war but rather used non-violent forms of protesting. On January 26th 1930 he declared  from India. When the British created a tax on salt, Gandhi walked 240 miles to get salt. This act was powerful and acknowledged; and also a form of pacifism. Many people joined in on his trek and circulated much media attention.  Internationally, this became the most significant independence movement.